By U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec
In recent times, the improvement of latest applied sciences has authorized the creation of 'functional' or 'smart' textiles. those materials are in a position to sensing alterations in environmental stipulations or physique services and are effectively responding to them. they may be able to take up components from the outside or to unlock healing or beauty compounds. for example, they are often utilized in lingerie with an built-in cardio-on-line process or as textiles with service molecules. the focus of curiosity in biofunctional textiles lies at the moment at the use of textiles aiding treatment and prevention in dermatology. This quantity collects information regarding new developments within the interplay among textiles and the surface, really the advance of antimicrobial-finished textiles. It provides a variety of papers with a view to give a contribution to extra consolidate the discussion among dermatologists, allergologists, biomaterial scientists and cloth engineers.
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Additional info for Biofunctional Textiles And the Skin
The technology is discussed elsewhere in this publication, but antimicrobial efficacy against a range of pathogenic bacteria and fungi has been demonstrated in in vitro cultures. A feature of modern technology relevant to silver is compliance with safety standards. At the moment, most safety data and details on the metabolism and elimination of silver derive from occupational exposures complemented by clinical studies with silver sulphadiazine, but this holds clear clinical indications for the use of silver in other products.
Resistance (or R factor) can be transmitted through natural gene transfer mechanisms in bacteria, possibly similar to that seen in biofilm formation. Continued exposure of pathogenic infections in burns or other situations were associated with the clinical emergence of resistant strains in patients in the Birmingham Accident Hospital in the 1970s . g. silver ϩ chlorhexidine) . Biofilm formation is a major problem in the continued use of indwelling catheters and in orthopaedic materials [23, 24].
Together with the increase in new antimicrobial fibre technologies and possibilities in the hygienic and medical applications, the demand for proper test systems to evaluate the effectiveness as well as the safety of antimicrobial textiles rose. With the aid of agar diffusion and suspension tests, it is possible to record qualitative and quantitative data on the in vitro ‘degree of effectiveness’ of antimicrobial textiles. Test systems based on testing the biocompatibility of medical devices are suitable to evaluate the safety of antimicrobial textiles.
Biofunctional Textiles And the Skin by U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec