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By Jean-Paul Sartre

Born in Paris in 1905, Sartre was once a professor of philosophy while he joined the French military on the outbreak of worldwide struggle II. Captured via the Germans, he used to be published, after approximately a 12 months, in 1941. He instantly joined the French resistance as a journalist. within the postwar period Jean-Paul Sartre - thinker, critic, novelist, and dramatist - grew to become the most influential males of this century. He died in Paris in 1980.

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Sample text

It would be unreasonable to expect him to have written a full essay on mysticism; after all there is no room for it in his brand of existentialism. But it is a little surprising that he has not considered the subject at all, both because he is so frequently careful to provide his own explanation for phenomena generally considered religious and because there is in mystic literature much that would have been fruitful for his analysis. I think that if we but glance briefly at that part of the mystic ideal which is pertinent, we find that here, as in connection with his specific treatment of God, Sartre has either consciously or unconsciously taken those elements of experience which for the Believer are privileged, which are apart from ordinary living and which are raised to the level of an ideal goal or at least furnished with divine guarantee, and that Sartre has woven these into the everyday data of the human condition.

In summary, emotion is a consciousness’ personal relation to the world and as such can be temporarily satisfying, but it is fundamentally ineffective and transient with no direct power to affect the environment. In the three works just considered Sartre shows clearly that he is not following very closely the line of thought laid down by Husserl and his followers although in all three, as well as in the case of Being and Nothingness, Sartre calls his approach phenomenological. In these examples, however, we find very little of what we have become accustomed to think of as inseparably connected with existentialism—namely, a concern with the living person and his concrete emotions of anguish, despair, nausea, and the like.

The Facticity of the For-Itself III. The For-Itself and the Being of Value IV. The For-Itself and the Being of Possibilities V. The Self and the Circuit of Selfness Chapter Two. Temporality I. Phenomenology of the Three Temporal Dimensions II. The Ontology of Temporality III. Original Temporality and Psychic Temporality: Reflection Chapter Three. Transcendence I. Knowledge as a Type of Relation Between the For-Itself and the In-Itself II. Determination as Negation III. Quality and Quantity Potentiality, Instrumentality IV.

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Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology by Jean-Paul Sartre


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