By Soheil Muhsin Afnan
This booklet is an try and current to the overall reader the existence and works of Avicenna, or Ibn Sina, who's past doubt the main provocative determine within the historical past of proposal within the East. it isn't a defence of him and his procedure, nor a critique of his philosophy. in the course of his lifetime he used to be intentionally scornful of defenders and critics alike; he couldn't imagine best of them now thousand years have passed by. together with his place amply justified, and after that prolonged interval whilst his identify held on the lips of physicians and philosophers from the borders of China to the cloisters of mediaeval Paris and Oxford, it kind of feels most sensible to enable him converse for himself. it's been emphasised that the issues he was once faced with resulted from the conflicting disciplines of 2 separate cultures introduced nose to nose. he's consequently of greater than historic curiosity. His perspective will be of steering to these within the East who're assembly the problem of Western civilization; and to these within the West who've but to discover a foundation on which to harmonize medical with religious values.
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Extra info for Avicenna, his life and works
Is not metaphysics of the Faldsifa with its elaborate conception of succycles of emanation, developed under Neo-Platonic influence. While they, maintained that matter (hayuld) had only cessive a potential existence, no reason (hejsaw have an actual existence oFits own. \ why it should not also Nor were Razi's political and religious views any more orthoand he must have deeply shocked Muslim society by his dox; assertion that there is no necessity for prophets whatsoever; and any man who that use it to fashion his is sufficiently endowed with intelligence can own life and achieve his own salvation.
In these he was much influenced by the Republic and perhaps by some the Isma'ill doctrines. Society, he thought, was composed of class and the elite. The common class are those who common confine themselves, or are led to confine themselves in their theoretical knowledge, to what the initiator of public opinion This division, so modern in requires. an entirely new conception in Islamic The whole application, constitutes political thought and State its novel, and the function of an initiator of public opinion (bddl al-ray al-mushtaraKp as a counterpart to consensus omnium (ijma} is to our knowledge not found anywhere in Islamic literature before him.
Sure of riches and renown, he sought the court Mahmud the Ghaznavid; but he fell victim to the of the courtiers and was denied the reward that he felt intrigues was his due. Thereupon he ridiculed the king and his slaveof Sultan ancestry in a merciless satire, and died a fugitive from that 1 enraged monarch. The Shdh-Ndmeh a part-historical part-legendary story of the kings of Persia from the beginning of time to the Arab conquest. Reflecting a Sasanian civilization with a feudal form is of society that was rapidly disappearing, the work as a whole merits comparison with the best European epics, in particular Iliad and the Odyssey.
Avicenna, his life and works by Soheil Muhsin Afnan