By Jean C. Tamraz, Youssef Comair, Hans O. Lüders
The quantity offers a distinct evaluate of the basic topographical anatomy of the mind from an MRI point of view, correlating high quality anatomical plates with the corresponding high-resolution MRI pictures. The publication incorporates a ancient assessment of mind mapping and an research of the basic reference planes used for the learn of the human mind. next chapters supply a close assessment of the sulcal and the gyral anatomy of the human cortex, guiding the reader via an interpretation of the person mind atlas supplied via high-resolution MRI. the connection among mind constitution and serve as is approached in a topographical style with research of the required imaging method and displayed anatomy. The crucial, perisylvian, mesial temporal and occipital parts obtain distinct recognition. Imaging of the center mind constructions is integrated. an in depth coronal atlas concludes the booklet.
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Additional info for Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using MRI With Functional Correlations
13). Fig. 11. The bicommissural plane (AC-PC) most suitable for the study of the central region 20 Chapter 2 Fig. 12A–L. Successive 3 mm axial cuts of a formalin-fixed brain parallel to the AC-PC reference, as compared to the chiasmatico-commissural plane (CH-PC) most suitable for the study of the perisylvian region and the temporal lobes Cephalic Reference Lines Suitable for Neuroimaging 21 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N Fig. 13A–N. Successive 3 mm horizontal cuts of the same formalin-fixed brain parallel to the CH-PC reference, due to its parallelism to the direction of the parallel sulcus 22 Chapter 2 B The Delmas and Pertuiset Reference Plane 1 Anatomic and Imaging Correlations In their atlas “Topométrie crânio-encéphalique chez l’homme”, Delmas and Pertuiset (1959) defined a horizontal brain reference plane passing rostrally through the lower part of the AC and caudally tangent to the highest part of the floor of the third ventricle (Figs.
It is possible to consider that the CH-PC is for the brain what the NOP is for the position of the head, the former being perpendicular to the brainstem long axis and the latter being anatomically and physiologically related to the vertical axis of the body and cervical spine. Both reference planes present progressive variations throughout phylogenesis, as demonstrated by the progressive closure of the truncal angle. 1 Fig. 27. The callosal reference plane. (After Olivier et al. 5 T). The statistical analysis of the in vivo measurements confirmed the consistency of the angle between the reference lines CH-PC and AC-PC.
For this reason, using the NOP as the cephalic reference plane appears to be the most accurate choice for the study of the brain and visual pathways, and the orbital optic nerves. This also applies to the screening and study of diseases involving the face and the skull base, due to a close parallelism with the FrankfurtVirchow anthropologic reference baseline. Such a reference atlas of cross-sectional anatomy of the head oriented in the NOP (Fig. 23), which includes the main anatomic correlations observed, may be used in routine practice for image interpretation (Tamraz 1983; Tamraz et al.
Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using MRI With Functional Correlations by Jean C. Tamraz, Youssef Comair, Hans O. Lüders