Get An Introduction to Existentialism PDF

By Robert G. Olson

ISBN-10: 0486200558

ISBN-13: 9780486200552

Crucial advisor to 1 of the main influential proposal structures of our century. Stressing the paintings of Heidegger and Sartre, it bargains a cautious and aim exam of the existentialist place and values — freedom of selection, person dignity, own love, artistic attempt — and solutions to the everlasting questions of the human .

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The second is that even if those values could be achieved, their achievement would involve an unjustifiable sacrifice of superior values. The second type of argument is the more important in the sense that existentialists usually lay more stress upon it, but also in the sense that if this type of argument is sound the other is for all practical purposes superfluous. It is only on condition that one believes in the desirability of achieving a certain goal that the question of its feasibility becomes a matter of urgent personal interest.

What could be more obvious than that man does seek happiness? And have not the existentialists themselves claimed that human happiness lies in certain values to be realized in the very heart of despair? Properly understood, the denial that man seeks happiness is neither an obvious untruth nor a contradiction of other existentialist doctrines. In the first place, terms such as “happiness” and “well-being” are ambiguous. They are sometimes used in a very general or abstract sense to denote that state of being which is most desirable for mankind, whatever the speaker may believe that state of being to be like.

Once a regular pattern has been discovered to obtain over a certain stretch of time, a rule known technically as the principle of induction is invoked, whereby the observed regularity is postulated as a law of nature and used for the purpose of predicting human behavior in the as yet unobserved future. Basically this method is the one used by all men in the ordinary conduct of life. If, for instance, one wishes to know whether an 47 acquaintance is trustworthy one attempts to discover how he normally behaves in situations where he might profit by betraying others.

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An Introduction to Existentialism by Robert G. Olson

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