Get Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148 PDF

By Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner

ISBN-10: 1118122356

ISBN-13: 9781118122358

ISBN-10: 1118158717

ISBN-13: 9781118158715

The Advances in Chemical Physics series—the innovative of analysis in chemical physics

The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence presents the chemical physics and actual chemistry fields with a discussion board for serious, authoritative reviews of advances in each zone of the self-discipline. packed with state of the art study mentioned in a cohesive demeanour no longer discovered in other places within the literature, every one quantity of the Advances in Chemical Physics sequence bargains contributions from the world over popular chemists and serves because the ideal complement to any complex graduate classification dedicated to the learn of chemical physics.

This quantity explores:

  • keep an eye on of Quantum Phenomena (Constantin Brif, Raj Chakrabarti, and Herschel Rabitz)

  • Crowded fees in Ion Channels (Bob Eisenberg)

  • Colloidal Crystallization among and 3 Dimensions (H. Lowen, E.C. Oguz, L. Assoud, and R. Messina)

  • Statistical Mechanics of drinks and Fluids in Curved area (Gilles Tarjus, FranCois Sausset, and Pascal Viot)

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Extra resources for Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148

Example text

Another example is a subset of several discrete levels in an atom or diatomic 22 constantin brif, raj chakrabarti, and herschel rabitz molecule, the transitions between which frequently can be controlled in a very precise way without any significant leakage of population to other states. However, for a majority of interesting physical and chemical phenomena, controlled systems are too complex and too strongly coupled to other degrees of freedom. For such complex systems, the accuracy of control designs obtained using model-based QOCT is usually inadequate, and hence laboratory AFC is generally the preferred strategy.

2. AFC of Multiphoton Transitions in Atoms Control of bound-to-bound multiphoton transitions in atoms with optimally shaped femtosecond laser pulses provides a vivid illustration of the control mechanism based on multipathway quantum interference. Nonresonant multiphoton transitions involve many routes through a continuum of virtual levels. The interference pattern excited by the multiple frequency components of the control pulse can enhance or diminish the total transition probability. The interference effect depends on the spectral phase distribution of the laser pulse.

541, 542] demonstrated AFC of the photoinduced ring-opening reaction of 1,3-cyclohexadiene (CHD) to form 1,3,5-cishexatriene. Kotur et al. [543] used AFC with shaped ultrafast laser pulses in the deep UV to control the ring-opening reaction of CHD to form 1,3,5-hexatriene. Greenfield et al. [544] performed AFC of the photoisomerization and cyclization reactions in cis-stilbene dissolved in n-hexane. They employed phase-modulated 266 nm femtosecond pulses to maximize or minimize the yields of cis- to trans-stilbene isomerization, as well as cis-stilbene to 4a,4b-dihydrophenanthrene cyclization.

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Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148 by Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner


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